About


UNIDO and its implementation partners will carry out a number of awareness raising activities targeting various relevant stakeholders including an international conference and exhibition on biomass gasification. The activities in this component will be aimed at improving the awareness of the benefits of using biomass gasification technology among decision-makers from public sector, SMEs, academia and other relevant stakeholders and facilitating academic and technology cooperation in the field of biomass gasification.

The activities of this component are aimed addressing the specific capacity development needs of various stakeholders in a position to influence the promotion and development of the biomass gasification in Pakistan such as SMEs, research and vocational training institutions, public sector institutions, financial institutions and rural communities. UNIDO will conduct specifically designed trainings for stakeholders based on identified training needs and facilitate the development of research and technical training curricula and facilitate technology and research cooperation match-making between local and international entities.

Under this component, UNIDO will provide technical assistance for the development of concrete policy recommendations for policies and regulations relevant to the promotion of modern biomass technologies (particularly gasification) for both existing and future policy regimes. Based on international best practices, UNIDO's support will cover prevalent policies, implementation rules, biomass pricing, energy regulations and advisory on policy-level initiatives for the indigenization of efficient biomass combustion and gasification technologies.

Technical assistance from UNIDO will also include the development of quality standards for biomass gasification with the purpose to ensure and incentivize biomass gasifiers of acceptable quality.

In order to demonstrate the technical and financial feasibility of modern biomass conversion technologies in Pakistan, the implementation of three biomass based power units with high replicability potential will be supported by the UNIDO project. Two of these demonstration units will be for industrial captive power generation while one will have a focus on rural energy provision. The demo units supported by UNIDO will have a combined installed capacity of over 3 MW.

Pakistan: The Energy Situation in Industrial Sector


Overview

The industrial sector in Pakistan contributes around 20 percent to Pakistan's GDP; remains a major source of tax revenues for the government and contributes significantly in the provision of job opportunities to the labour force. This sector is characterized by high dependence on fossil fuels, mainly coal, diesel and natural gas. In most cases the fossil fuels are used in inefficient machineries and technologies, thereby incurring high production costs for industries. Therefore, industries can benefit from taking measures to use these energy resources efficiently as well as adopting clean and cost effective biomass technologies


Issues

The lack of energy supply is becoming a major bottleneck to industrial growth and at the same time is also effecting the common man as a large number of rural communities are negatively impacted by either a lack of electricity or highly intermittent and unreliable supply. The country's rural poor suffer the worst in this regard. Consequently, industries have resorted to setting up fossil-fuel fired captive power units to meet their energy needs. Due to the acute shortage of natural gas, particularly for the industrial sector, factories are forced to run their captive power plants on diesel, thereby increasing production costs. The energy shortage has affected industries ‘production and profit, and has hindered their capacities and opportunities to grow.